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Rental Glossary - S

Security Deposit

A deposit or fee paid, in addition to the first month's rent, at the beginning of the tenancy. The security deposit may be used, for example, if the tenant leaves the rental unit still owing rent or leaves the unit damaged or less clean than when the tenant moved in.

However, in Quebec it is illegal for the landlord to request a security deposit or any additional amounts on deposit or in another form.

See Tenancy.

Sixty-Day Notice

A written notice from a landlord to a tenant telling the tenant that the tenancy will end in 60 days.

In Quebec, it is illegal for a landlord to terminate a lease before it expires. The lease can only be terminated on the agreement of both parties or in certain exceptional cases provided for by law. If the landlord intends to make changes to the lease, the renter must be notified of these changes, in writing, at least three months before the lease expires.

See Thirty-Day Notice.
See also this article on rental leases in Quebec.

Studio / Studio Apartment

An apartment with one large room, a kitchenette, and a private bathroom. Comfortable enough for one person, the single large room is meant to serve as the bedroom, the dining room, and the living room. Studio apartments are sometimes called efficiency apartments; however, an efficiency apartment has a smaller kitchenette.

Studio apartments are also called bachelors, 2-room apartments, or 1 1/2 apartments.

See Efficiency Apartment, Railroad Apartment, and Walk-Up.


A separate rental agreement between the original tenant and a new tenant, where the rental unit is  in part or in whole for a period of time. The lease agreement between the original tenant and the landlord remains in effect, and the original tenant continues to be responsible for rent payments and other tenant obligations during the course of the lease agreement.

The original tenant has the intention on coming back to the rental unit before the end of the tenancy agreement. Sublease is one of three procedures for re-renting a rental unit.

See Assign / Assignment.
See also the article on Apartment Sublets in Montreal.


A person who has the right to use and occupy a rental unit leased by the original tenant from a landlord. The subtenant has obligations to both the landlord and the original tenant. However, the original tenant remains responsible for the timely payment of rent and any damages to the property caused by the subtenant.

See Sublease and Assign / Assignment.
See also the article on Apartment Sublets in Montreal.


The person responsible for maintaining the apartment building. The superintendent or "super" maintains the common areas and makes repairs in the tenants' rental units. Also known as building supervisors, building caretakers, and property managers, superintendents and their families usually perform these services in exchange for living in one of the units for free.

See Landlord and Property Manager.


The right of one or more joint tenants who have survived another to take the interest of the person who has died.

See Tenancy in Common.


The cancellation of a rental lease by mutual consent of the tenant and the landlord.